Modern Democracy, Representative Democracy, is based upon Voting Theory. A mathematical field that came out just after the French Revolution. Polls, a fundamental tool in modern political dialectic, are based upon statistics (again mathematics) and psychology. There is in fact a whole sub-field in psychology that studies how the way the questions in a poll are presented influences the result.
With the rise of the internet several new forms of political participation has appeard. The possibility for them to be really useful depending on the possibility to design them to be really fair. Fair so that each participant has no clear advantage or disadvantage, fair so that each participant's idea can really be evaluated by the community, and fair so that the idea emerging from the process is both factually based and representative of what the community wants to do.
We shall look from this point of view at some of the most common tools out there, some common problems, and how mathematics can, once again, support the design process for a fair political participation.
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