Our present means to know and to modify directly the human genetic make-up generate difficult situations for the application of the traditional views on health, unhealth and disease. We examine the reasons for the failure of these views to tackle the mentioned situations, propose some solutions to urgent problems and offer foundations for an alternative theoretical development, that is, for a theory of health able to satisfactorily integrate our genetic dimension.
It should be noted that the development of theories about health and disease has traditionally been a task for philosophers rather than medical, as it is testified by the C. Boorse and L. Nordenfelt’s essential contributions. In this sense, our talk should be framed in the field of the epistemology of medical sciences.
*His most important contributions on the subject: ‘Genetics and Society: a different view’ (in The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking, Springer 2007); The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking, Torres, J. M. et al. eds., Springer, 2007); ‘Genetic tools, Kuhnean theoretical shift and the geneticization process’(J. of Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 2006); ‘The importance of genetic services for the theory of health’ (J. of Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 2002); ‘The limits of enhancement in human gene transfer: drawing the line’ (J. of Medicine and Philosophy, 1997); ‘The importance of accurate terminology in the field of human gene transfer’(Human Gene Therapy, 1995).
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